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Iran-history-past till now

Iran in Time

Iran, known as Persia, has been a land of civilization at the heart of history. The Persian plateau became the cradle of one of the oldest civilizations and Kingdoms in history. Today’s Khuzestan Province in Southwest Iran was home to the ancient civilization of Susa which dates back to 7000 BCE long before Aryans came to the land.

Since 4000 BC, empires have ruled and shined in Persia leaving behind traces of civilization that are truly priceless. A land that shined throughout the history of mankind under the rule of Achaemenid Empire founded by Cyrus the Great who created the largest empire the world had yet seen, from the Mediterranean Sea and Hellespont in the west to the Indus River in the east.

Cyrus proclaimed what has been identified by scholars and archaeologists to be the oldest known declaration of human rights, which was transcribed onto the Cyrus Cylinder sometime between 539 and 530 BC. Having conquered numerous lands and having endured invasions too, Iran has developed a unique national identity throughout centuries as the cradle of civilizations.

Iran’s history has divided in two parts before and after Islam . Empires like Medes, Achaemenid, Seleucid, Parthian and Sasanian were among the great and powerful empires before the Islam. The Achaemenid was the first Persian empire that is founded by Cyrus the Great. For the first time in history, the postal system, road system and the use of official language across the territories is being set during the Achaemenid empire.

 

Timeline
4000 BCE civilizations like Azerbaijan, Susa, Sistan and Tabarestan
2500 BCE The Elamite Empire(The Old-The Middle-The Neo-elamite)
700   BCE The Median Empire (Ecbatana, the capital)
550   BCE The Achaemenid Empire ( Cyrus the Great- The Cyrus cilynder)
300   BCE The Seleucid Empire (after the death of Alexander)
200  CE The Sasanid Empire (Ardeshir-e Papakan)
637   CE The Islamic Conquest( Rise of several dynasties)
962   CE The Ghaznavid Dynasty(Shahname by the Ferdowsi)
1502 The Safavid Empire(Shi’a as the religion)
1794 The Qajar Dynasty(First World War)
1925 The Pahlavi Dynasty(Second World War)
1979 The Islamic revolution and establishment of Islamic republic of Iran

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By admin / Administrator, bbp_keymaster

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on Aug 19, 2015

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